American Defenses of Corregidor and Manila Bay 1898–1945 (Fortress) (Paperback)
The Philippines were declared an American Territory on January 4, 1899, and fortification construction soon began on the islands in the mouth of Manila Bay. Among the sites built were Fort Mills (Corregidor), Fort Frank, and the formidable "concrete battleship" of Fort Drum. The defenses suffered constant Japanese bombardment during World War II, leading to the surrender of American forces. In 1945 the forts were manned by Japanese soldiers determined to hold out to the bitter end. This title details the fortifications of this key strategic location, and considers both their effectiveness and historical importance.
Mark A. Berhow has long had an interest in the history of American coastal and continental air defenses. He was worked at the Fort MacArthur Museum, and Nike missile post in Los Angeles for 10 years, and is a past chairman of the Coast Defense Study Group (CDSG). Terrance McGovern has been an avid student of fortifications for many years, with a particular interest in American coastal defenses in overseas territories. A former Chairman of the Coast Defense Study Group, Terrance lives in McClean, Viriginia, with his wife and three daughters.