Semantic Atomism: A Scientific Commentary on Vaiśeṣika Sūtras (Paperback)

Semantic Atomism: A Scientific Commentary on Vaiśeṣika Sūtras By Ashish Dalela Cover Image

Semantic Atomism: A Scientific Commentary on Vaiśeṣika Sūtras (Paperback)


Not On Our Shelves—Ships in 1-5 Days
(This book cannot be returned.)

Vaiśeṣika is one of the Six Systems of Vedic philosophy, and Vaiśeṣika Sūtra is the oldest and most authoritative text on this philosophy. This book translates and comments on this ancient text.

Vaiśeṣika describes all things in the world as Padārtha-pada denotes a symbol and artha denotes its meaning. These symbols of meaning are created by the combination of Samānya and Vaiśesa or universals and individuals. These Padārtha are connected to each other through a relationship of inherence called Samvāya, which we can call the whole-part relationship. Thus, one symbol represents the whole, and the other symbols connected to it through inherence constitute its parts. This whole-part relation between symbols of meaning is organized from whole to parts like an inverted tree in which the root is the whole, the branches are the parts of the root, the leaves are parts of the branches, etc.

The universals are of three types-guna (qualities), kriya (activities), and dravya (object). The activities and qualities inhere in the object, and they are manifest through interactions between symbols.

We can measure the effects of interactions via physical instruments and convert the semantic reality to physical reality, but we can never explain these effects based on the quantities. This description of atomism in Vaiśeṣika helps us understand why modern scientific atomism is incomplete-it tries to explain effects measured using physical instruments in terms of physical objects and their properties, when the objects, their properties, and their effects must all be described as concepts.

Product Details ISBN: 9789385384417
ISBN-10: 9385384414
Publisher: Shabda Press
Publication Date: September 27th, 2021
Pages: 392
Language: English